Psychologist: An Introduction
A psychologist is someone, who reads human brain and behavior. According to APA (American Psychological Association), there are about fifty-six types of psychologists, including community psychologists, counselling psychologists, developmental psychologists, educational psychologists, environmental psychologists, experimental psychologists, forensic psychologists, family psychologists, and many more. The most common category of psychologist in USA is clinical and counselling psychologists.
A psychologist, possessing a doctoral degree, can be a permanent member of APA. In order to practice in the United States, a psychologist must have an authorized licence.
How Much Does a Psychologist Make?
A Psychologist works in hospitals, counselling centres, and clinics. The net income of a psychologist ranges from $38,000 to $62,000. But, the salary of a psychologist, having five years of working experience, ranges from $54,000 to $78,000 annually. According to pay scale.com, the salary of these professionals in 2013 is as follows:
- Clinical Psychologist: $69,003 average annual salary and $47.33 median hourly wage
- Psychiatrist: $169,882 average annual salary and $101.55 median hourly wage
- Psychotherapist: $46,732 mean yearly salary and $39.43 median hourly wage
- Physician and Child Psychiatrist: $179,245 average annual salary and $144.09 median hourly wage
- Forensic Psychologist: $60,087 mean yearly salary and $37.50 median hourly wage
- Industrial-Organizational Psychologist: $72,408 average annual salary and $17.93 median hourly wage
- Child Psychologist: $72,772 average annual salary and $52.48 median hourly wage
Salary According to Experience
The median salary of these professionals varies as per the experience, possessed by them.
- Less than 1 year: $60,613
- 1-4 years: $68,167
- 5-9 years: $77,831
- 10-19 years: $86,989
- 20 years or more: $97,867
Salary According to Geographic Location
The net income and daily wages of psychologists also depends on cities, they are working in. In 2010, the annual median salary of psychologists in Atlanta was $35,345, Los Angeles- $40,229, Chicago- $39,526, New York- $47,826, Dallas- $41,067, St. Louis-$33,930, and for Houston- $46,651.
Duties and Responsibilities
A Psychologist studies human mind, and observe and interpret the behavior patterns of different human beings. The duties and responsibilities depend on their speciality and the type of counselling, they provide.
- They collect information about clients, using various assessment methods.
- They give their clients proper counselling and advice.
- A psychologist performs several tests to assess aptitudes, abilities, and intelligence of individuals.
- They conduct series of research to improve their counselling methodology.
- A psychologist develops various therapeutic plans, which are most suitable to their clients.
To become a psychologist, one needs to have a doctorate degree. However, different degree levels enable you to work in psychology field. By acquiring a Bachelor Degree in Psychology, you can apply for a limited number of jobs. In some states of America, you can get licensure as school psychologists, if you complete your Master’s Degree in Psychology. A PhD in Psychology opens doors to several jobs.
The Bureau of Labour Statistics has anticipated a growth of 22% in the job opportunities for psychologists, from 2010 to 2020. It will grow faster than the average of all the other occupations. This employment growth is attributed to greater demand of psychologists in mental health centers, hospitals, social service agencies, and schools.