Quick look: Plumber at a Glimpse
- A person, who is specialized in installing and repairing the piping systems in residential homes and commercial businesses.
- Average Hourly Wages: $24.92 (According to the Bureau of Labour Statistics)
- Average Yearly Salary: $51,830 (According to the Bureau of Labour Statistics)
- Type of Service: Professional
- Task: Fault detection, testing and joining pipes, measuring and cutting pipes, etc.
- Skills: Knowledge of all the tools and machinery, repairing, and installation.
Plumber: An Introduction
A plumber is a skilled person who is specialized in installing, repairing and maintaining the plumbing systems used in drainage, water, and sewage. He is responsible to repair the piping systems in residential homes and commercial buildings. Some plumbers also specialize in fixing gas and water pipelines. They usually don’t require a formal post-secondary education, but they need the license of undergoing training for over 4 years. Some other specialists like steamfitters work on pipes that carry steam for heating. Sprinkler fitters specialize in installing sprinkler systems in buildings, in an emergency.
Facts and Figures
Plumbers are paid according to the provided services. If we ever think of getting a service from a plumber, it is necessary to know that how much they earn. It is not that cheap. But, it is natural that an experienced plumber would make a good living. Plumbers also earn on an hourly basis. Plumber’s salary depends on the geographical location where they provide services, type of employers for whom they work, and experience.
Hourly Wages: According to the “Bureau of Labor Statistics”, per hour salary of a plumber is $24.92. In 2011, the median wage for plumbers was $22.96 per hour.
Yearly Salary: According to the “Bureau of Labor Statistics”, the annual salary of a plumber is $51,830. According to the “United States Department of Labor”, the median salary for plumbing profession was $36,440 in the United States, in 2002. It rose to $46,000 in 2006.
Salary by State: Salaries in plumbing profession vary according to the regions or states, in which plumbers provide their services. The wages of plumbers per hour are:
- Alaska: $34.64
- Massachusetts: $31.95
- New York: $31.85
- Illinois: $31.19
- New Jersey: $30.97
- Mississippi: $17.97
Employment Sector: Plumbers are also salaried by employers, for whom they provide the plumbing services. Some of the employment sectors are:
- Local government: $16.21 per hour
- Utility system construction: $17.81 per hour
- Building equipment contractors: $19.52 per hour
- Ship and boat building: $16.21 per hour
- Non-residential building construction: $19.65 per hour
- Plumbers who are experienced and self-employed, and hold a license, demand $35- $150 per hour in the United States. In Boston, plumbers charge $125 per hour. In Maine, plumbers charge between $45 and $75 per hour.
Duties and Responsibilities
- Install and maintain the piping systems
- Repair sanitation systems
- Fit the domestic appliances
- Read the blueprints and drawings to determine the layout of the plumbing system.
- Assemble pipe sections, tubing, and fittings.
- Fill pipes with water or air to detect leakage.
- Prepare the written cost estimation and negotiate contracts.
- Study the building (commercial/residential) to estimate the requirement of material.
- Use specialized equipments and materials for plumbing.
- Skills and Knowledge:
- Practical skills
- Careful and well-ordered approach to work
- Customer handling skills
- Technical skills
- Awareness of legal and safety issues
- Educational Requirements:
- High school graduation and proficiency
- Vocational plumbing courses
- Plumbing apprenticeship program’s completion
- Attempt for the journeyman plumber’s exam
According to the “Bureau of Labor Statistics”, the employment opportunities for plumbers will increase at the rate of 26% by 2020. It is much above the average growth rate of 14% for all occupations. It is expected that there will be more job openings in the coming decade. With the advancement of technology, special equipments will be introduced, and the demands will be driven by stricter efficiency standards.